We have not tried, but a quick search on the web suggests that the opencv aruco port (which we use in our C++ module) has python bindings:
Jevois already includes a full opencv 3.3 with the python bindings, so you should be pretty much ready to use it. So it may just be a matter of taking a look at ArUco.H and ArUco.C and DemoArUco.C in jevoisbase and translating the sequence of calls me make to the opencv ArUco module to python.
Can you tell us more about why you would want a python based aruco detector in jevois? Do you want to further process the detections so that you can directly control your navigation system?