It is possible if you use an x86_64-based PC running Ubuntu 18.04 (or 16.04). You can install the jevois package (deb) files on your PC, or download the JeVois software from github and compile it on your PC. Then you run jevois-daemon on the PC. jevois-daemon is the app that grabs video, processes it, and outputs results.
This is called running JeVois software in "host mode". Have a look at the docs about host mode:
From this page: http://jevois.org/tutorials/ProgrammerSetup.html
you would just need to install package jevois-host and jevoisbase-host (it will pull opencv and many other dependencies as needed).
You can use any video camera that works with your Ubuntu 18.04 install. Most USB cameras work with no drivers needed.