Demo Background Subtract
Background subtraction to detect moving objects.
By Laurent Ittiitti@usc.eduhttp://jevois.orgGPL v3
 Language:   C++            Supports mappings with USB output:   Yes            Supports mappings with NO USB output:   No
 Video Mapping:   YUYV 640 240 15.0 YUYV 320 240 15.0 JeVois DemoBackgroundSubtract
 Video Mapping:   YUYV 320 120 30.0 YUYV 160 120 30.0 JeVois DemoBackgroundSubtract

Module Documentation

This background subtraction algorithm learns, over time, a statistical model of the appearance of a scene when the camera is not moving. Any moving object entering the field of view will then be detected as significantly different from the learned pixel model.

You can thus use this module to detect moving objects with a static JeVois camera. This module is quite robust to image noise since it learns a statistical model of the distribution of "normal" values a pixel may take over time, as opposed to more simply subtracting one camera image from the previous one (which would be much noisier).

Trying it out

  • Make sure that your JeVois camera is stable and not moving (nor vibrating because of its fan); you may want to mount it securely using screws, zip ties, etc
  • When nothing moves, you should see the right side of the video progressively fade to black. This is the result of this module learning the normal range of RGB values that each pixel may take over time, given sensor noise, small variations in lighting, and other environmental factors.
  • Now move your hand or some other object in front of JeVois. It should be detected on the right side of the display and should show up in white color.
  • Note that the autogain and autoexposure features of the JeVois camera sensor may trip this model. For example if you suddenly present a large white object in front of the JeVois camera that had been looking at an overall dark scene for a while, that bright white object might trigger an automatic reduction in exposure, which will in turn brighten the whole image and make it appear much different from what it used to be (so, everything might briefly turn white color in the right panel of the video display). To avoid this, you may want to use this module with manual settings for gain, white balance, and exposure.

Note that this class has internal state (it learns the statistics of the background over time).

ParameterTypeDescriptionDefaultValid Values
This module exposes no parameter
Detailed docs:DemoBackgroundSubtract
Copyright:Copyright (C) 2016 by Laurent Itti, iLab and the University of Southern California
License:GPL v3
Distribution:Unrestricted
Restrictions:None
Support URL:http://jevois.org/doc
Other URL:http://iLab.usc.edu
Address:University of Southern California, HNB-07A, 3641 Watt Way, Los Angeles, CA 90089-2520, USA