I would definitely go with serial-over-USB for all cameras for this. You will need a USB hub that can power all the cameras, so that means it needs to have strong external power. For example, we use these with success here:
You want to make sure the hub has enough power for what you need. For example, the one above states it has a 12V/2.5A power supply so that is 30 Watts going in. Each camera could use up to 3.8 Watts, say 4 Watts to allow for some margin. Also we should derate the 30 Watts a bit to account for 12V to 5V conversion, so say 24 Watts available to the USB ports, enough for 6 JeVois cameras (should be ok with 7 as the derating used here is quite severe).
Then use USB cables with 24AWG or lower power lines (see http://jevois.org/doc/UserConnect.html for details).
Finally, each camera will appear on the Pi as a USB-to-Serial adapter. This will create devices /dev/ttyACM0, /dev/ttyACM1, etc on your Pi.You should configure each camera to run in headless mode, see http://jevois.org/tutorials/UserHeadless.html
You can open each device in your application code running on the Pi, and read the data from it. Something similar to this: http://jevois.org/tutorials/UserParseSerial.html but you need to change the code so that it is non-blocking. That is, you just check if some new bytes are available on each port and accumulate the bytes into a buffer until you get a \n that indicates end of line. Once you have a complete line, you can parse that message. If you are programming in C++ see function readSome() here: http://jevois.org/doc/Serial_8C_source.html
Note for completeness that by default each JeVois camera requests the full USB video bandwidth for video streaming. This is to optimize latency of video. Video bandwidth is separate from serial bandwidth, so this does not affect the serial-over-USB ports. But if you wanted to stream video from several cameras simultaneously (as opposed to just serial messages like you want here), see http://jevois.org/doc/Multicam.html
Finally, the USB hub may enumerate the different cameras in random order. So you need a way to figure out which one is which. We have a parameter called "nickname" which you can set to a specific value on each camera, in your initscript.cfg, eg:
setpar nickname front
in the initscript.cfg of the microSD card that goes in your front camera.
Then your pi would first run a "getpar nickname" on each serial port to figure out which port is for the front camera vs rear camera, etc. Or you could also have this in your initscript.cfg:
setmapping2 .........(mode you need)
setpar serout USB
serout HELLO front
and on your Pi just look for messages that start with "HELLO". The serout command just sends its args to the serial output port.