JeVois Tutorials  1.20
JeVois Smart Embedded Machine Vision Tutorials
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Calibrating your camera for ArUco and other OpenCV modules

Camera calibration consists of determining essential parameters of the optics and of the sensor. Once a precise calibration is achieved, modules such as DemoArUco, FirstVision, FirstPython, and PythonObject6D can recover the exact location and orientation of a marker or object in 3D space.

JeVois includes a set of default calibration files for the standard sensor and optics.

You should consider running a calibration if:

  • you need very precise pose estimation
  • you have installed a different sensor in your JeVois camera
  • you have changed the lens to a different one (eg., 90 degrees field of view)
  • you have adjusted the lens

Note that calibration is dependent on image resolution. So the procedure described here should be repeated for every video resolution which you intend to use.

Creating the virtual machine

Start with a fresh Ubuntu 18.04 virtualbox.

Follow the instructions at but with Ubuntu 18.04. Beware: you may have problems compiling ARtoolkit with later versions of Ubuntu.

Make sure you reboot your host and install the USB device filter. You should get to the point where you can see video in guvcview when you connect your JeVois camera.

Compiling the calibration programs

We will compile the OpenCV calibration code natively in our virtual machine.

We follow the instructions at except that we will just use the default OpenCV that comes with Ubuntu as opposed to using the JeVois OpenCV.

sudo apt install libopencv-dev build-essential g++
dpkg --list | grep opencv # check installed opencv version: should be 3.2.0
# Get this version of opencv-contrib:
git clone
cd opencv_contrib
git checkout 3.2.0
cd modules/aruco/samples
g++ create_board_charuco.cpp -o create_board_charuco -lopencv_core -lopencv_imgcodecs -lopencv_highgui -lopencv_aruco -lopencv_imgproc -lopencv_videoio
g++ calibrate_camera_charuco.cpp -o calibrate_camera_charuco -lopencv_core -lopencv_imgcodecs -lopencv_highgui -lopencv_aruco -lopencv_imgproc -lopencv_videoio

The program we will use should now be ready in bin/calib_camera

Preparing your JeVois camera

The camera calibration will just select the default video mode from the camera.

To make sure the particular resolution is selected, edit videomappings.cfg on your JeVois camera to have only one mode. For example, using JeVois Inventor, go to the Config tab and select videomappings.cfg, then select all (CTRL-A) and delete (DEL) and finally just add one Pass Through mode. For example, to calibrate a modified JeVois camera using an optional 2MP OV2640 sensor at 1280x720:

YUYV 1280 720 10.0 YUYV 1280 720 10.0 JeVois PassThrough

Save to JeVois (CTRL-S) and confirm that you can see video after JeVois restarts.

Do this on another machine running JeVois Inventor (or quit your virtualbox first and run JeVois Inventor).

Printing the calibration pattern

Now back to our VirtualBox, first create an array of ArUco markers (a so-called ChArUco):

./create_board_charuco -d=0 -h=5 -w=8 --ml=200 --sl=350 charuco.png

Then print it (you may have to first use scp, ftp, or other to send the file from your virtualbox to a computer that has a printer – or just get it from instead), measure the marker size and spacing size (in whatever units you want, here we use meters, just make sure you will use that same unit later when you specify marker size in DemoArUco and others).

Running the calibration program

Finally, derive the camera parameters from it (set the --ml and --sl parameters to what you measure on your printed board; below are what we measured after printing the 5x8 charuco board on US Letter paper with auto scaling/rotate to fit paper):

./calibrate_camera_charuco -d=0 -h=5 -w=8 --ml=.0172 --sl=.0303 --rs --sc calibration.yaml

This program was not able to capture 1600x1200 at 5fps in our tests. Just declare your mapping as 1600x1200 at 15fps and it will work fine though really it will stream at 5fps due to USB bandwidth limitation.
  • You should aim your camera so that all the ArUco markers are detected.
  • Press 'c' to capture the current image and add it to the calibration pool.
  • To obtain a good calibration for the camera, it is important to obtain images of the calibration board at a variety of angles to the camera lens. Note that this involve holding the calibration board at different angles relative to the camera, including upside-down. Try to get at least 10 very different viewpoints.
  • Once all the calibration images have been captured, press ESC and the calibration data associated to the camera device is calculated. The tabulated calibration data is written to standard out of the command-line window and saved to disk.

Copying the files to JeVois

Copy the calibration file to JEVOIS:/share/camera/ on your camera, naming it exactly: calibration1280x720.yaml for 1280x720 resolution, or change the name for different resolutions.

Next time you run DemoArUco with that resolution, it will load the calibration file.